Sport and exercise medicine (SEM) encapsulates the medical care of any individual engaged in physical activity who sustains an injury or those who wish to obtain advice about starting an exercise program. A rapid and accurate diagnosis of any sports injury is important to enable an appropriate rehabilitation program to be planned and carried out. This allows a safe return to sport, physical activity and well being.
Physical inactivity is a major cause of illness and disease in Western Societies today. Obesity, diabetes, heart disease, osteoarthritis, mental illness and a number of cancers have a strong association with physical inactivity. SEM also promotes safe ways in which individuals can undertake physical activity to assist in the management or prevention of any of these conditions.